The census and census substitute records for the Hilton Head Island area are available online for our Premier members (see links below), or in our special collections at the library.

What are Census Substitutes? When there have never been any census, or when census records have been destroyed, almost any data base listing persons and families can be used as a substitute. A famous case is the 1790 census for Virginia which was lost and recreated from tax lists. This substitute has such credence that it is often accepted as a matter of course without caveat. This acceptance is in spite of it being data from six or eight years before 1790.

Federal Censuses: 
Daufuskie, Pinckney, AND Bulls Islands

The 1940 Federal Census was longer than previous censuses, with more detailed questions about employment status and education, and questions directed specifically to women who are or have been married. Supplemental questions regarding the birthplaces of the mother and father and veteran status are asked only of the individuals who fall on specific lines within the census page.

  • 1910 Federal Census - Daufuskie Island, sorted by name
  • 1910 Federal Census - Daufuskie Island, sorted by dwelling
  • 1940 Federal Census - Daufuskie Island, sorted by name
  • 1940 Federal Census - Daufuskie Island, sorted by dwelling
  • 1910 Federal Census - Pinckney Island, sorted by name
  • 1910 Federal Census - Pinckney Island, sorted by dwelling
  • 1940 Federal Census - Pinckney Island
  • 1910 Federal Census - Bull's Island
  • 1940 Federal Census - Bulls Island

Selected census records:
Prince William, St. Helena's and St. Peter's Parishes

  • 1839 Census, Prince William Parish
  • 1839 Census, St. Helena Parish
  • 1839 Census, St. Peter's Parish
  • 1860 Mortality Table, Prince William Parish
  • 1860 Mortality Table, St. Helena Parish
  • 1860 Mortality Table, St. Peter's Parish

Additional Census Records

  • 1839 Census Beaufort County
  • 1839 Census St. Luke's Parish
  • 1850 Mortality Census, St. Lukes Parish
  • 1860 Census St. Lukes Parish - Sorted by Dwelling
  • 1860 Census St. Lukes Parish - sorted by Surname
  • 1860 Mortality Census St. Lukes Parish
  • 1868 Agricultural Census
  • 1868 Voter Registration
  • 1869 South Carolina State Census, Beaufort County
  • 1869 Militia Enrollments Hilton Head Island
  • 1870 Federal Census St. Luke's Parish sorted by name
  • 1870 Federal Census St. Luke's Parish sorted by location and dwelling
  • 1870 Mortality Census St Lukes Parish
  • 1875 Agricultural Census, Bluffton Township
  • 1880 Federal Census, Hilton Head Township sorted by name
  • 1880 Federal Census Hilton Head Twp sorted by dwelling and family
  • 1880 Mortality Census, Bluffton Township
  • 1890 Veterans Schedule
  • 1890 Census Substitute, Hilton Head Island
  • 1900 Federal Census, Hilton Head Township, sorted by name
  • 1900 Federal Census, Hilton Head Township, sorted by dwelling
  • 1910 Federal Census, Hilton Head Township sorted by name
  • 1910 Federal Census Hilton Head Island sorted by dwelling
  • 1920 Federal Census Hilton Head Island sorted by last name
  • 1920 Federal Census Hilton Head Island sorted by location
  • 1930 Federal Census, Hilton Head Township sorted by name
  • 1930 Federal Census Hilton Head Township sorted by location
  • 1940 Census Hilton Head Sorted by Name
  • 1940 Census Hilton Head Sorted by Date and Dwelling